民航论坛_民航社区_航空翻译_民航英语翻译_飞行翻译_Aviation English Translation

 找回密码
 注册
搜索
查看: 6938|回复: 25

航空公司术语 Airline Terminology [复制链接]

Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9

发表于 2011-10-20 01:16:47 |显示全部楼层
游客,如果您要查看本帖隐藏内容请回复
附件: 你需要登录才可以下载或查看附件。没有帐号?注册

Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9

发表于 2011-10-20 01:17:06 |显示全部楼层
* m/ S" e# P7 M( |' f1 F7 M
Working as cabin crew you will notice that there is a common aviation language used within the airline industry. In this module you will  learn new phrases, abbreviations and terms used.
% p* k1 K/ ~; D7 N4 J4 t# ]Time
7 L% f# Q, p$ m" _, |9 ]+ {8 J9 g  L" |, a: e' B
The airline industry use the 24 hour clock in all timetables, rosters, departure times etc. The 24 hour clock is used so people don't mix up A.M. and P.M. times. A.M. is everything between midnight and noon; P.M. is everything between noon and midnight. Whilst working as a cabin crew member you need to be confident and fully conversant using this time method.  Here is how the 24 hour clock works:
: n) W' K5 c9 q' H1 W! c; I. G5 n$ M" Q7 \) a! S3 [  E6 J: {( D

& t# C. s' k% @: ?! k' wAll the P.M. times are the larger numbers on the top in red and all the A.M. times are the smaller numbers on the bottom in blue.  Another easy way to remember the time in a 24 hour clock is to add the $ B3 @0 _2 U$ U6 A8 i5 o. x" ?' Y
P.M.: q  _: d% U! p5 ?: ^7 y2 t
time to 12.  For example it is 2 P.M.  so by adding 2 to 12 = 14.  The time in a 24 hour clock at 2 3 C8 Z! q( r; }% k; L
4 v  R. ]9 J# q" z- \# u8 H. X
P.M.
9 e- n0 d4 r' U$ ?' `) g is 1400.
  L& M! S1 V2 ~' H* q
9 X& M$ d- c$ ~- u& d
# I- {* d( k9 n' c" p  _0 _1 B0 |5 k+ O$ A, l  c( k
( u0 E4 U  M% }) n6 K
Phonetic Alphabet ) s3 C) A' b  y0 g" @6 m* n# a
English is used as an international flying language.  Because some of the letters in the English language sound familiar to each other, it was recognised that an alphabet of words rather then sounds was needed. " ?! }% _3 D6 a0 Z
A  Alpha  
# [! U2 M: V* M! JB  Bravo  - b! W, v- X  D/ `
C  Charlie  0 v! {3 L& ]# V
D  Delta  ) Y5 D) t1 X# w+ A9 ]1 y
E  Echo  $ o* ]2 F5 _$ J4 t* r0 Q1 v
F  Foxtrot  
5 Y; D7 b6 V3 D7 O# y  w8 xG  Golf  
/ R: e, j. u/ I' Z. k  u! HH  Hotel  
% P$ l# `" Q5 [. G& D/ `I  India  
" X+ e2 J1 Y) t; X: p( LJ  Juliette  
$ j8 H' _0 g6 ]8 B5 hK  Kilo  ( O) k; L+ S4 P+ a! C$ H. m) N
L  Lima  1 s4 s  o( h  c8 X
M  Mike  ' h4 W3 j* Z& A
N  November  
6 x8 V3 Q* A% U& j7 u6 c$ Z; N" hO  Oscar  
% z5 D; y2 F) a& q& _: |8 wP  Papa  
1 D, S1 z; f0 HQ  Quebec  
* ^- B4 w' P% t+ G% B- \( kR  Romeo  
& m0 j  m; q0 N0 y& JCabin Crew Ticket Diploma – Module 11  - 1 -
9 _8 X; \7 d' K9 `* u5 d% y6 r3 J3 I% L
S  Sierra  
% g: t" D) D9 B! X( jT  Tango  8 h7 o1 W2 b% k/ h# ?3 B
U  Uniform  / s7 v1 [, y* N
V  Victor  ; U0 y* R' T1 n9 [8 ^8 K
W  Whiskey  9 D- Q+ Q' r# G5 v# k& I3 Y# h
X  X-Ray  
2 F/ q: K  b2 F- L9 JY  Yankee  . j: p6 i$ A8 ^% ~) Y
Z  Zulu  & O1 m! G; V, p
9 X7 p7 K! P% W4 W: P2 l

0 T5 E7 m' R) D) V! t5 s9 n& k7 x( P$ ?8 J0 o. x
Definition of aviation terms and words $ _' f, V$ j  S; F# Y. {
Aeroplane – means an engine-driven fixed wing aircraft heavier than air that is supported in flight by the dynamic reaction of the air against its wings.
  K8 T1 Z2 e' I* E/ BAft - The rear of an aircraft
" g9 R* M% ~4 D) y" c+ `; XAircraft Flight Manual (AFM) - A JAA approved document that contains information required to operate the aircraft at the level of safety established by the aircrafts certification basis.
( ?( D' K# F- Z. `, K9 lAircraft Operating Manual (AOM) - The part of the operations manual describing in detail the characteristics and operation of the aircraft and its systems.
/ }( M, @" v9 V0 r' T$ FAircraft – Means a machine that can derive support in the atmosphere from the reactions of the air other than the reactions of the air against the earth’s surface. * z" T* }; P6 ~% v. ]
Air Operator Certificate (AOC) – A certificate authorising an operator to carry out specified commercial air transport operations.
5 b. g, o. r6 k" |+ uAlternate Airport – Means an airport at which an aircraft may land if a landing at the intended airport becomes inadvisable. ' i5 X! U& N, J
Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) - means any gas turbine-powered unit delivering rotating shaft power, compressor air, or both which is not intended for direct propulsion of an aircraft.
# M0 U7 k8 r+ K/ i# r# |Base - The airport at which you are based
, u- f; [  v0 t, kBelly Landing – Is a landing without the main landing-gear extended. % R" _7 ?/ ?% ^
Block – Is a series of flights away from base
7 w9 A- V" A( c8 ]/ jBriefing – Is an information-meeting, e.g. prior to flight. 4 Z  l: u/ L. {2 |* D. _
Bulkhead – Is a partition or wall divider. 6 e& `' h3 v6 E8 O
Cabin Crew Member – A crew member required by JAR-OPS to be carried on a flight for the purpose
5 S  c; h# A- E# o# P
5 \! z8 \: o; Zof performing duties assigned by the operator or the commander, in the interest of the safety of passengers, but who is not a flight crew member. Captain – Old terminology for Commander
  a  q, E, i) ]" k7 W% T7 \( }Commander – The pilot designated by the operator to be in command of the aircraft. Co-pilot – A member of the flight crew acting in any piloting capacity, other than as pilot-in-command or commander.
  ^" B% R( d4 Y5 f" O2 O" yCommercial Air Transportation – Means the transportation by air of passengers, cargo or mail for remuneration or hire. Crew Member – Means a person assigned to perform duty in an aircraft during flight time.
* t% e4 K' q) P2 q) C+ [4 z% E3 bCabin Crew Ticket Diploma – Module 11
( s( s/ [6 n: s( MDebriefing – Is a meeting e.g. after flight, to summarise what has happened.
# o, n/ j' ^% C& f3 HDe-fuel -Taking fuel off the aircraft. 0 L6 G3 h6 e& Q! Y1 R, @
De-icing – Is a process of snow and ice removal from aircraft. $ V% b7 O- X2 U# m0 ~2 ?
Demo – Is a safety demonstration on board aircraft. ; \6 H; M0 B  e) \: R
Ditching – Is landing on water.
( k( R7 ?* W8 T/ iDoghouse – Is a compartment located under/behind certain cabin crew seat areas.
, F. p0 W5 h# Z  f7 m7 l) C/ ~6 ]Emergency Position – is the same as assigned duty station.
% R0 G5 G3 N( C" [0 a2 D& C4 TExit Row – Is seating adjacent to emergency exits. & l9 K7 V6 C. u8 B% H
Ferry – Is a position flight, a flight without passengers.  Ferry flights may be conducted with the
/ x. a& E" V/ o, I# s, u
! u9 Q( H6 o7 G: e! V' e  Xminimum crew and reduced airworthiness as permitted by the ICAA (Ferry Permit). 5 L$ [; \- M' t/ r
Fuel Jettison – Same as fuel dumping, process of removal of excess fuel from aircraft.
  Y9 ]1 A# L, L  @- o- OFirst Aid Oxygen – Means the additional oxygen provided for the use of passengers, who do not # |1 T) R! l* {6 Y5 A0 y9 b

$ r& @1 x$ T& c" X, d3 @9 L2 W6 x9 g* Lsatisfactorily recover following subjection to excessive cabin altitudes, during which they had been 1 t3 [/ A/ @" ~  W' p
9 }- H& q! O& O$ S+ A4 W
provided with supplemental oxygen.
/ a. N& H2 \1 nFlight Crew Member – Means a pilot, system panel operator (flight engineer), or flight navigator
: l% T5 k2 k* _$ G$ u( ~assigned to duty in an aircraft during flight time.
- M/ O9 k5 g8 n) C, J
6 u. J. t: E0 B- ?8 S: X. \Galley – Is an area where food or beverage is prepared on board aircraft.
/ Z" I5 ~* ^6 l4 W! S6 h0 i
& q5 n8 N' e4 a$ _5 I$ e' {Gashbag - Rubbish bag - }, t4 y3 ?8 ^/ U
Impact – Is a collision, force exerted by one object when striking against another.
: R, ~% `+ H. F/ v+ R, k- e; N7 DInfant – Is a child under 2 years of age. 4 T; I# F: T0 ?% @) I: o
Jet-way/Air-bridge – Is a retractable boarding system. / W) q4 e/ ^2 v/ W6 K5 Y; e
Lay-over/Stop-over – Is a period when crew rests at destination.
1 w, p7 D& E. ]Overhead Bin/Locker – Is a stowage compartment for passengers’ hand-luggage over passengers’
8 `  }7 U! M' H) E6 q  ^3 J" I
, q' m' w3 C4 d# n8 [seats. 6 Z; [7 ]4 {7 m
Passenger Manifest – Is a list of all passengers on board aircraft.
- i; g* ~. Y; TPilot in Command – Means the pilot responsible for the operation and safety of an aircraft during flight
) p0 g$ \) o2 R8 X. {: x' h( _) z  `( c. i) V+ ~/ a) P" |
time. ) O# \. y5 ]6 W  b( ?7 T: l
# V- u2 k. {1 y: G0 u, O; S
Protective Breathing Equipment – Means breathing equipment for protection against smoke, fumes
% O# E+ Z( q7 O* Oand other harmful gases.
% m4 K$ D+ P) Y" l! PPush-Back – Is when aircraft is moved back from gate by a truck. * ]- \' I9 {6 e- E6 p: `- x
Runway – Is where the aircraft takes off and lands.
" A2 _( q; u+ h) RSector – Is one part segment of the flight, also called “leg” / M# d1 q% @) M* T
+ q- {+ }1 I4 V8 B" @6 q8 J
Self-help Exits – Exits that passengers might have to open unassisted, such as over-wing exits. 6 C% d9 p0 M7 x9 f7 S% e

+ e" J8 C" T: v. y; j( iSenior Cabin Crew Member – is nominated whenever more than one cabin crew member is assigned. The Senior Cabin Crew Member shall have responsibility to the commander for the conduct and co-ordination of cabin safety and emergency procedure(s) specified in the FOM. # d( U7 N+ G: F
Cabin Crew Ticket Diploma – Module 11
9 h: k, f% z" G0 dSilent Review – Is a personal review of evacuation duties prior to take-off and landing. 8 Z7 C8 u( E. a  V/ \
Slot Time – Is official departure time allocated. " x" w! U6 i% v/ E4 B- A
Supplemental Oxygen – Means the additional oxygen required to protect each occupant against the + N7 z- i/ d% n# ^( C' t
: O7 S, _+ |# q
adverse effects of excessive cabin altitude and to maintain acceptable physiological conditions. / [! n# j& g/ x1 y2 w
Tarmac – Is the area where the aircrafts are parked. % s4 B1 _- N' i7 F6 N" Y
Taxi – Is when the aircraft moves on ground.
  F& W- P$ l8 H9 J; ZTorching – Is when an engine or APU is exhausting fire or smoke upon starting of engines. 4 S4 u+ w& |/ s4 c2 X% k. x
% E$ Y  ], }: e- [- ^) T
Abbreviations
3 \5 @9 f; n( k& D" HABP  Able Bodied Persons  JAR  Joint Aviation Requirements  + f  S* e2 R* l0 o# ]8 v9 n5 v5 `
AC  Alternate Current  P/A  Public Announcement System  # @6 y8 a: |8 {" B# j5 g/ `
ADHOC  Flights Not Rostered, Last Minute, Standby  PAX  Passengers  
0 p+ P( B7 j, ]& @% wAFM  Aircraft Flight Manual  PBE  Protective Breathing Equipment  
  B7 O4 k3 m% l, w9 \AOG  Aircraft On Ground  PRM  Persons With Reduced Mobility  " I+ W* O$ `! F( N# D+ j/ u
AOM  Aircraft Operating Manual  PTA  Prepaid Ticket Advice  
; a' R1 B5 `! s, u4 d! ^APU  Auxiliary Power Unit  SCCM  Senior Cabin Crew Member  
$ Y( `3 a: g( d' j, `ATA  Actual Time Of Arrival  SOP  Standard Operating Procedure  
$ d, B! p& |4 d9 ~+ aATC  Air Traffic Control  SPML  Special Meal  
9 A5 k" |! O: d$ NATD  Actual Time of Departure  TBA  To Be Advised  $ e: k. x" h7 `+ k+ N
ATS  Air Traffic Services  TM  Training Manual  ! u+ W9 L4 n. n3 B! r* y
CCM  Cabin Crew Member  UNMIN  Unaccompanied Minor  / p9 Y  O# d: ?. F3 B- X
CAM  Cabin Manual  VIP  Unaccompanied Minor  
! q7 g; ~  p" {5 Y1 j$ C  r% GCAO  Cargo Aircraft Only  WCHR  Wheelchair  , c6 Z8 P" [5 f- t6 W7 ~
CRM  Emergency Locator Transmitter  XBAG  Excess Baggage  8 a) b3 X6 m5 x& a* G0 e
CGO  Cargo  
3 M  h3 @# A2 OELT  Emergency Locator Transmitter  3 a9 ^: p, e$ Q
ETA  Estimated Time Of Arrival  1 }& p/ @, W4 k! a% X7 g' V' o
ETD  Estimated Time Of Departure  $ I" C, ?( h1 B
FAK  First Aid Kit  # h' ^* P* C- z7 E4 O+ h. P
FOM  Flights Operation Manual  
2 f1 i* {: r" W) bFWD  Forward  9 A& A" h6 P1 [. v
ID  Identification Card, Issued by Company/Airport Authorities  
. O  p3 w) Z/ ]! l+ ]IATA  International Air Transport Association  . Z. e7 K0 F9 j) D' V: y8 }( V5 H" U
ICAO  International Civil Aviation Organisation  * \( h- G. W$ M$ ?9 ~7 p
JAA  Joint Aviation Authorities  
5 ~! [% m- N2 J- U) G! Y, t1 d4 I; B7 G
Cabin Crew Ticket Diploma – Module 11 6 V4 p# S8 g6 h* T" @
) K/ v4 a2 g% W: Q" d5 N
Airport Codes
5 A5 {% \( M' f$ _/ GAirport codes are very important to understand whilst working as cabin crew, you will however learn these as you go along. To help you on your way in remembering some of the airport codes you may come across here is a list from popular airports both in the UK and overseas.
" z% z/ \7 a# M2 v: L6 u  t* ]3 @3 u- G/ \9 o
Cabin Crew Ticket Diploma – Module 11 ; ], Z9 E# q6 @% B, v- j

9 g: p! u$ _0 a

使用道具 举报

Rank: 1

发表于 2011-11-3 20:52:58 |显示全部楼层
非常感谢!

使用道具 举报

Rank: 1

发表于 2013-8-13 14:29:36 |显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主~~~~~~~~~~~~~

使用道具 举报

Rank: 1

发表于 2013-8-21 15:43:31 |显示全部楼层
非常感谢!

使用道具 举报

Rank: 1

发表于 2013-9-5 23:05:39 |显示全部楼层
楼主辛苦了

使用道具 举报

Rank: 1

发表于 2013-9-8 18:00:56 |显示全部楼层
....................

使用道具 举报

Rank: 1

发表于 2013-10-11 12:30:55 |显示全部楼层
System Specification. * j- T, J* M) q( z! v6 r TA&T Acquisition and Technology. : z' z9 j" n2 c, @A/BPI Ascent/Boost-Phase Interceptor.5 e; Y, R, [! L6 J! E W A/C Aircraft# Q& m" y9 ?" q- \ A/D (1) Analog to Digital. (2) Arm/Disarm.# G! L( N+ e$ b/ u' O: X A/P Active/Passive " P9 O D: h$ }1 d' V: G8 s* [AA Attack Assessment./ ]; n8 M) @6 `" q1 I! a7 z% c AAA

使用道具 举报

Rank: 1

发表于 2013-11-11 09:59:06 |显示全部楼层
xiexielouzhuaaa

使用道具 举报

Rank: 1

发表于 2013-12-5 09:35:54 |显示全部楼层
i wanna have a look thank u

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 注册


航空域名|蓝天公司|Archiver|民航论坛 民航社区 ( 渝ICP备10008336号 )

GMT+8, 2019-11-18 19:01 , Processed in 0.046800 second(s), 15 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X2

© 2001-2011 MinHang.CC.

回顶部